Park rangers at Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park have clever ways of demonstrating their point. Ranger Jay uses cola & mint candy to demonstrate what happens when a lot of lava is erupted through a narrow vent, like the Mauna Ulu eruption of 1969-1974. Scientists call this “tight constriction.” We call it time to stand back!
Ranger Jay used this fun and easy technique in a training session for the park’s commercial tour operators on location at Mauna Ulu. This famous eruption of Kīlauea is one of the most important eruptions for the insight it provided geologists on what typically happens during a rift zone eruption: earthquakes, towering fountains of lava, fissures , massive amounts of red-hot cinders known as tephra, and the formation of a lava shield. It’s still a fascinating place to explore and hike! Download the Mauna Ulu guide on the park website and plan your own excursion.
Throughout “National Women’s History Month” (March) we’ll be highlighting some of the extraordinary women that have shaped the history of our Pacific Islands. Some of these women were of royal blood and made changes from the highest places of power, but today we’ll be taking a quick look at someone who was at the very bottom of American society of her time.
Betsey Stockton, born in 1798, was a slave of the president of Princeton, was freed and later commissioned as a missionary to the “Sandwich Islands” (the name then given to Hawaii). When she told of her desire to be a missionary, her master gave her her freedom and she was accepted as a member of the American Board of Commissions for Foreign Missionaries. Arriving in 1823 with the 2nd Company of Protestant missionaries from New England, she went on to found the very first school for commoners (on Maui), teaching history, English, Latin and algebra. She is believed to have been the very first single woman and first African American woman to reside in Hawaii.
Although she did not stay very long in Hawaii, this school that she helped start was the beginning of public education in Hawaii. Her story is just one of countless women who have influenced these islands.
A new National Park Service report shows that 10,440 visitors to the National Park of American Samoa in 2012 spent $562,800 in villages near the park. That spending supported seven jobs in the local area.
“The National Park of American Samoa is proud to welcome visitors from around the world,” said Superintendent Jim Bacon. “We are delighted to share the story of this place and the experiences it provides and to use the park as a way to introduce our visitors to this part of the South Pacific and all that it offers. National park tourism is a significant driver in the national economy—returning $10 for every $1 invested in the National Park Service—and it’s a big factor in our local economy as well. We appreciate the partnership and support of the villages and are glad to be able to give back by helping to sustain local communities.”
The peer-reviewed visitor spending analysis was conducted by U.S. Geological Survey Economist Catherine Cullinane Thomas and Christopher Huber and Lynne Koontz for the National Park Service. The report shows $14.7 billion of direct spending by 283 million park visitors in communities within 60 miles of a national park. This spending supported 243,000 jobs nationally, with 201,000 jobs found in the gateway communities, and had a cumulative benefit to the U.S. economy of $26.75 billion.
According to the report most visitor spending supports jobs in restaurants, grocery and convenience stores (39 percent), hotels, motels, and B&Bs (27 percent), and other amusement and recreation (20 percent).
To download the report visit http://www.nature.nps.gov/socialscienc /economics.cfm. This report includes information for visitor spending at individual parks and by state.
To learn more about the National Park of American Samoa and how the National Park Service works with the American Samoa villages to help preserve local history, conserve the environment, and provide outdoor recreation, go to http://www.nps.gov/americansamoa.
Every year, Fred Liederbach and his five kids give their mom, Kathy a birthday gift of something in the quantity of her age. This February 27th, she turned 56 so she expected something in the the quantity of 56, but she didn’t know what.
Read more about the story, the surprise, and emotions shared by her husband Fred!
“… Kathy is a school teacher and she works about 10 miles north of our town of Petoskey. The secret P.O. box in the tiny village of Oden is in between her school and our town, so I had arranged to have Kathy’s friend, who she carpools with, pull into the Oden post office on their way home after school. It was a bright sunny day, but crisp and cold, probably about 10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Our 10 year old daughter, Sarah, and I were waiting at the post office when Kathy and her friend arrived, and we went out into the parking lot when we saw them. We handed Kathy the keys to the box and told her to go inside and walk straight ahead. I had taped a cartoon from the Frank and Ernest comic strip on the box – Frank and Ernest shaped as the numbers 5 and 6. That made it easy for Kathy to find box 56!
Well, she opened the box and, needless to say, was surprised to find a huge pile of postcards addressed to her. The first several she looked at had different states’ names on them, and puzzled, Kathy commented that there aren’t 56 states. She started counting and when she found the Washington DC card she counted it too, so I stopped her and asked if DC is a state. She said no, and I suggested she start a separate pile. Soon she found the America Samoa card followed by the other territories, and when she had finished she understood why there were 56 postcards: 50 states, 5 territories, and the District of Columbia!
More than any other emotion, Kathy seemed fascinated. She hadn’t read the notes so she wasn’t as touched as she would be later, and she wasn’t completely surprised – she knew we’d have something in store. But she was fascinated – she wondered how Sarah and I, and our older children, could have arranged all that. I explained how the American Samoa card was probably the trickiest because I didn’t know anyone from there, and how helpful the goods folks at the National Park of American Samoa had been. There are some very touching notes in the collection from our older kids and their friends, extended family members, and dear old friends. So it’s hard to pick a favorite postcard, but the American Samoa card is definitely one of our favorites. The wonderful, festive picture on the front and the fun notes from the staff on the back make it a real treasure for us.”
In honor of National Women’s History Month, throughout March we will be featuring stories about some of the fascinating women in our Islands’ histories. When people think of women’s roles in ancient Hawaiian society, many assume that women were seen as inferior due to the kapu system which put restrictions on women (such as what they could and could not eat). However, most people are unaware that there were indeed powerful women, even before foreign influence. For example, it is said that there were female chiefs over whole islands in ancient times and that there were elite female warriors.
As King Kamehameha the Great rose to power between 1790-1810, he delegated significant authority to certain women. For example, it is said that when Kamehameha defeated the powerful chiefdom of O`ahu he abolished all of the places of refuge. What that meant was that there were no longer any places of safety for defeated warriors, kapu breakers or others in need of protection. He then declared that the power of the gods would be given to his favorite wife Ka`ahumanu, and that she, in herself, would become a place of refuge, so that those in need of protection only had to go to here for protection. It is also said that even though Kamehameha was the great king of all of Hawaii, he would bow to the ground in the presence of Keopuolani, because she was of higher birth. Both Ka`ahumanu and Keopuolani were instrumental after the death of their husband in ending the kapu system, which helped liberate women from the severe laws and helped bring the chiefly-class women into the political decision making process. These and other dynamic women like them, such as Princess Kapiolani, Queen Emma and Queen Lili’uokalani helped change Hawaiian society forever through their deeds. Stay tuned throughout March as we celebrate the women who helped shape Hawaii’s history. For more information about Women’s History Month, visit the Library of Congress website: http://womenshistorymonth.gov/ Aloha!
A big warm FA’AFETAI (Thank you) to our new friends from the National Park Travelers Club!
A group of 10 individuals, all park enthusiasts showed up Tuesday morning eager to get information to visit the National Park of American Samoa. Park Rangers Pua and Sam gave them an orientation and presented a talk about the park and showcased a video about the Samoan culture.
Special thanks to their president, Nancy Bandley for leading and organizing this trip for their members. Fan shout out to their members for this trip: Kathleen Jackson / Mel Gilbert / Pat Hierl
Joe Cohen / Diane Cohen / Nancy Bandley / Eric Lurio / Amy Horst / Jennifer Williams / Bruce McPherson
See you soon and good luck on your next adventures!
EVERY DROP COUNTS
When: Saturday, March 22, 2014 (World Water Day!) 9:00 -2:00pm
Where: Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Visitor Center
Who: 4th through 12th grade teachers
This workshop will be taught by Kona teachers who have learned a unique water curriculum specific to Kona developed through a partnership between Colorado State University and the National Park Service.
Bring: Notebook, Hat, Good Shoes, Water Bottle, and Sun Screen.
8:30-9:00 AM Name Badges, Coffee, Juice, and Muffins at Kaloko-Honokōhau Visitor Center.
9:00- 9:45 AM Water of Kāne Chant Opening
10:00-11:00 AM Hike to Anchialine pool with Ranger Jon
11:15- 12:30 Anchialine pool activity
12:30-1:00PM Lunch Provided
1:00-2:00PM Finish Activity
RSVP: For Reservations Please send email to Jon_Jokiel@nps.gov