Ten Feet at a Time: Decapods on Guam
D. Christopher Rogers from the Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas quite literally searched ten feet at a time as he captured and released decapods (shrimp and crabs) in the streams of Guam. Christopher was tasked with assembling a field guide to the local freshwater and terrestrial decapods (literally meaning ten feet) for the National Park Service.
After scouring historical accounts of the freshwater shrimp and crabs, and terrestrial crabs in the Northern Marianas Islands, he came to the conclusion that 77 species are likely to exist on Guam. In early 2011, he set off to verify those accounts and confirm some suspicions that there may be other species lurking under the muddy waters and in the dense jungle vegetation. He slipped on his rubber boots, grabbed some special nets, and packed a few other essentials to aid him on his quest.
Identifying shrimp and crabs can be a bewildering task. There are a great variety of structures and appendages all with their own specific form and function. This did not make Christopher’s job easy.
After one week of intensive sloshing in Guam’s streams, he identified 40 species. While searching both day and night Christopher found 9 species of freshwater shrimp, 7 species of hermit crabs, and 46 species of true crabs. A pretty good turnout for such a short period of field work. To his surprise, nine of those species were either previously unknown on Guam or have never been described before (a.k.a. possibly new to science).
“I used nets and traps or just captured the animals by hand. The really important message here, is that all these new records and species, plus over half of the known species, were found in just one week. What this basically means is that we have barely scratched the surface of the potential biodiversity on this island. There may be several more new species to find. For example, I have some information that there is an undescribed species of crab living in the tops of the Pandanus trees along one river.”
There is so much we have yet to uncover.
–D.Christopher Rogers, Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas
For the complete article go to: http://science.nature.nps.gov/im/units/pacn/outreach/newsletter/pacn_news_20120321.pdf